重庆韦博英语
学校动态详情
重庆韦博英语 The App of Life手机应用让城市生活更完美(二)
重庆韦博  2014/3/31 20:04:01

But the internet was perfect for cities. It created new networks that reinforced older urban networks. Patrik Regardh, head of strategic marketing for the mobile-phone operator Ericsson, says urbanites email, phone and use social networks more than people outside cities. After all, they have more contacts, and so they communicate more. In Stockholm, for instance, women use Facebook to team up for safe jogging tours at night.
When laptops arrived, urbanites could use the new networks anywhere—but they often still needed a coffee shop to get online. Starbucks rose thanks to the laptop computer. Now, though, people carry their networks around in a 10-sq-in device. This is transforming city life in countless ways: everything from finding a date to finding a bus in an instant. Greg Clark, the UK’s minister for cities, says the London bus finder app “actually makes the transport system hugely more effective.” Now we just need a good app to find parking spots. Clark sighs: “A lot of congestion comes literally from people driving around looking for a parking space.”
In short, smartphones are helping make the densest cities the best places to live, as witnessed by property prices in Hong Kong, New York, Paris and London. By contrast, sprawling cities that rely heavily on cars—Moscow, Istanbul, Beijing—are becoming dysfunctional as roads clog up. I recently took three hours on a Saturday afternoon to reach a Moscow airport. If you live like that, your networks shrivel because you stop meeting people.
The technological revolution in cities has barely begun. Indian slum-dwellers without electricity will soon use solar-powered phones to find cheap healthcare nearby, says Parag Khanna, who, with his wife Ayesha, just published Hybrid Reality: Thriving in the Emerging Human-Technology Civilization.
The next step is urbanites using technology to help run their cities. Dublin has thrown open its data on everything from water use to transport, hoping that software developers will create apps to improve life. We’re starting to see almost an “open-source design” of cities, says Ratti.
Elisée Reclus, a 19th-century thinker, said the ideal city would combine rural pleasures with urban pleasures. Ratti says, “And I think that has happened.” In post-industrial London, the war on cars has made the air and the river cleaner. In cities everywhere, tiny or invisible technologies are replacing big old industrial technologies. That has created space for bicycles, new parks, piers and summertime beaches, all packed with people on smartphones. Steve Jobs was a lifelong suburbanite, but it turns out he perfected the city.
但是互联网技术完全适合城市的发展。它创造了新型的网络,该网络又加强了城市的老式社交网络。手机运营商爱立信公司的战略营销部经理帕特里克·雷高指出,城市居民发邮件、打电话和使用社交网络的频率要高于非城市居民。毕竟,他们有更多接触的机会,因此交流也更多。比如,在斯德哥尔摩,女性利用Facebook组团在晚上慢跑以保证安全。  笔记本电脑出现后,城市居民能在任何地方使用新型网络——但是在很多情况下,他们仍需要走进一家咖啡店才能上网。星巴克的兴起就得益于笔记本电脑。而如今,人们可以通过十平方英寸的设备随时随地上网。这正改变着城市生活的方方面面,从找约会对象到飞快地搜索某辆公交车都可以实现。英国城市大臣格雷格·克拉克指出,伦敦公交搜索应用“实际上大大提高了交通系统的效率”。如今,我们只需要一个不错的应用帮我们寻找停车位。卡拉克感叹道:“很多道路堵塞其实是由人们开车四处寻找停车位所造成的。”
简而言之,智能手机正使得人口最密集的城市成为最宜居的地方,这一点由香港、纽约、巴黎和伦敦的房地产价格可以作证。相比之下,那些严重依赖汽车而无序扩张的城市——莫斯科、伊斯坦布尔和北京——正因为道路拥挤而变得运行不畅。最近一个周六下午,我花了三个小时才到达莫斯科机场。如果你照那样生活,你的社交网络将会缩小,因为你会不愿与他人会面。
城市的技术革命才刚刚开始。保劳格·康纳表示,现在还没用上电的印度贫民窟居民很快就能用太阳能充电的手机来搜索附近价格便宜的医疗服务。保劳格和他的妻子艾莎刚刚一起出版了《混合现实:在新兴的人类技术文明中繁荣》一书。
下一步是城市居民运用技术来协助管理自己的城市。都柏林已经向外公布了从用水到交通的所有数据,希望软件开发者们能研发出改善生活的各种应用。拉蒂称,我们将看到对城市的一次近乎“开源的设计”。
19世纪的思想家埃利泽·勒克吕曾说过,理想型城市应能将田园的乐趣和城市的快乐融合在一起。拉蒂认为:“我想这已经变成了现实。”后工业时代的伦敦对汽车的管制已让空气和河水更干净。在城市的各个地方,微型的或是看不见的技术正在取代大规模的传统工业技术。这已经为自行车、新公园、码头和夏日海滩创造了空间,这些空间将被智能手机的用户们填满。斯蒂芬·乔布斯一生都住在郊区,但结果表明他让城市变得完美。

重庆英语培训学校推荐:
重庆环球雅思学校
重庆新航道
重庆朗阁



最新动态
·雅思听力考试的特点和解答技巧    2015/8/6 9:58:52
·雅思考试小作文写作技巧:表现四个原则    2015/8/6 9:49:07
·当前我国中学生英语写作存在的主要问题    2015/7/18 11:24:32
·提高学生英语书面表达的写作水平的指导    2015/7/18 11:23:07
·2015英语专四作文模板:个人观点表达型    2015/3/11 10:23:57
·盘点2014年那些离世名人的传世语录(双语)    2015/3/11 10:22:30
·如何应对讨厌你的人 双语英文    2015/3/11 10:12:18
·恋爱15招:像一个绅士那样赢得女性芳心    2015/3/11 10:03:53
·英语口语——那些让你出口成章的英语短语    2015/3/11 9:45:11
·人民大学英语保送类学生昨日开考    2015/1/18 10:06:58
更多动态>>    
400-616-1015转分机4298#
免费咨询热线
咨询:在线咨询 
    在线留言
  • 课程:
  • 姓名:*
  • 手机:*
  • 电话:
  • QQ号:
  • 备注说明:
  • 说明:如需咨询或报名,请登记你的姓名和联系方式,老师会在工作时间尽快回复。
Copyright © 2004-2020 edulife.com.cn All rights reserved. 沪ICP备17006735号-4