重庆韦博英语
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重庆韦博英语 课堂保卫战之电脑靠边站(二)
重庆韦博  2014/3/31 20:27:52

American University Professor G. Borden Flanagan described an incident in which a student was noticeably surfing the Internet. She nudged the person next to her, shifted the laptop and winked as she displayed a web page on the screen. After the student began laughing, Flanagan knew she was doing something else.
“It was mostly the smirk and the laughter and the swiveling of the laptop that made it so completely obvious,” he said.
But even the less obvious cases of distraction often don’t go unnoticed. American University Professor W. Joseph Campbell has banned laptops in his classes for years after noticing students absentmindedly type away on their keyboards, occasionally cracking a smile at their inanimate computers and holding back from class discussions. Campbell says he can always tell when a student is distracted.
“The temptations are there,” he said. “Everyone would succumb to them, I think, if the laptops were open.”
When the class discussion slows or a professor provides his own notes of the lecture, it’s even easier to drift off.
“I use my laptop if the class is really boring,” American University student Ruben Musca told The Eagle. “I take notes, but when there is a lull in the class I buy stuff on e-Bay.”
Still, Campbell says his opposition to the devices is slowly crumbling as the world becomes more digitalized and laptop use becomes an expectation.
“The laptops are giving way to iPads and other tablet-like devices, and it could be that eventually they’ll be so ubiquitous that it might be kind of funny to hear a professor ask to have them turned off,” he said.
 美利坚大学教授G·博登·弗拉纳根讲述了学生明显在上网冲浪的一个例子。那个学生用手肘轻推了一下旁边的同学,转动电脑屏幕,然后一边展示屏幕上的网页一边使眼色。那个同学大笑了起来,弗拉纳根就意识到她在做与课堂无关的事。
“主要是傻笑、大笑以及旋转电脑的动作让事情太明显了。”弗拉纳根说。
但即便是一些不那么明显的分心通常也逃不过教授的法眼。美利坚大学教授W·约瑟夫·坎贝尔多年来一直禁止学生在他的课上使用笔记本电脑。此前,他曾发现学生心不在焉地用键盘打字,偶尔还对着他们那没有生命的电脑咧着嘴笑,对课堂讨论也不积极。坎贝尔说学生分心时他总能看出来。
“诱惑就在那里,”他说,“我觉得只要电脑开着,每个人都会忍不住。”
在课堂讨论节奏放缓或者教授提供讲义的情况下,学生更容易走神。
“如果课堂内容很无聊,我就会用笔记本电脑,”美利坚大学学生鲁宾·穆斯卡在接受《鹰报》采访时说,“我会用它记笔记,但在课堂间歇时也会在e-Bay上购物。”
尽管如此,坎贝尔说他的笔记本电脑禁令渐渐行不通了,因为世界变得更加数字化,使用笔记本电脑成为理所应当的事。
“笔记本电脑正在被iPad和其他平板类设备所取代。最终,这些电子设备可能会变得无处不在。如果哪个教授要求关闭电子设备,那可能会让人觉得有些可笑。”他说。

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